Artikel Atlantisch Perspectief

Damaging the opponent ’the new way’

Understanding the tactics behind hack-and-leak operations

Malicious actors use cyber tools to gain access to sensitive or secret material and then release it in the public domain. James Shires argues that NATO partners should develop a coherent strategy and thorough understanding of the dynamics of hacking and leaking, based on academic research on both cyber conflict and digital media


James Shires


hack-and-leak operations, HLO, cyber, Macronleaks, hacking, media, espionage, digital, normative dissonance, Snowden, intelligence, leaking, public-interest hacks, cybersecurity, foreign interference, NATO


Damaging the opponent ’the new way’

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